COMPARATIVE POLITICAL SYSTEM

COMPARATIVE POLITICAL SYSTEM
INTERNATIONAL CLASS of THE INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS Dept.

STATE CLASSIFICATION

I. Democratic & Authoritarian States
Based on Democracy quality:
freedom to express, for faith, from fear
A. First World Democracies
1. Legislatures
2. Executives
3. Other Components
a. Constitutional-Monarchy: UK, Sweden, Netherlands, Japan

b.Presidential-Republic : USA,

c.Parliamentarian-Republic: France, Germany, Egypt,
India, (Australia?)

B. New Democracies
The Challenge of Survival
Republic: Indonesia, Philipina,
Monarchy: (Thailand, Malaysia, Brunai, Kuwait?)

C. Pseudo-Democracies
The Empty of Democracy
1. Authoritarian Regimes: Political Systems with limited, not responsible, political pruralism; without elobarate and guiding ideology;….and in which a leader or occasionally a small group exercises power within formally ill-defined limits but actually quite predictable ones.

a.Ruling monarch : Saudi Arabia, Brunai, Kuwait

b.Personal rule : Cuba under Fidel Castro, North Korea under Kim Ill Sung

c.Dominant parties: Indonesia under Orde Baru (Golkar), Malaysia under UMNO

d.Rule by religious leader: Iran under Khomeini?

e.Military rule : South Korea under Park Chung Hee, Philipina under Ferdinand Marcos

2.Totalitarian regimes share the absence of pruralism but follow an explicit ideology and seek total control to implement their vision of a transformed society for pruralism

a. Germany under NAZI (Adolf Hitler)

b. Italy under Benitto Mousollini

c. Spain under General Franco

d. Japan under Caesar Hirohito

II. Consolidated & Transitional States
By 2 fair elections / peacefull succesions
RI: election 1999 – 2004- 2009
(President Gus Dur impeached by MPR in 2001)

South Korea after 1986
Philipina after 1988

(Thailand ? Military coup d’etat)

III. Developed, Developing Countries, Under Develope Countries; Newly Industrialized Countries (NIC’s)

Based on: freedom from want/economics:
GNP & economics growth

Developed >6.000 US $ : USA, UK, France, Australia

4.000 <Developing <6.000 – : RI, India, Bangladesh

Under Develope 8% /year
Singapore, South Korea,
Taiwan, Hongkong, Malaysia, PRC

Young Tiger? Vietnam, Philipine,
Indonesian Dream(ing) 2030?

References
1. Muhadi Sugiono & Maharani Hapsari, Reading Materials of “Theory of Comparative Politics”, International Class, IR Dept., UMY, 2005

2. Mohtar Mas’oed & Colin MacAndrew (eds.),1997, Perbandingan Sistem Politik, Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta

3.James E. Dougherty & Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr., 1990, Contending Theories of International Relations; p. 468, “Decision Making Theories”

4. Encarta (see at internet/ Lab. HI UMY)

Mid Semester Test
1. All students must choose and write a topics/ national system; in 5-7 pages
2. Students may prepare independently for core exams with the aid of the syllabus.
3.Please, choose 1 Nation State as case study:
a.Nation Building
b.State Building & Mass political movements
c.Political System (See Mohtar Mas’oed, 1997, page. 30)
– Interest Groups
– Pressure Groups
– Political Parties
– Political Parties
– Elections Systems
– Role of Military, Religion Leader & Bussinesman in politics
– Legislative
– Executive
-Judicative
d.Decision Making Process of Foreign Policy
e.State Classification

Final Semester Test
1.Paper of Mid Semester Test + Compare to The Indonesian Political Systems
2.All students must pass comprehensive oral examination (seminar) in their topic/ paper of concentration.

PAPER WRITTING TUTORIAL: lead by Miss Atin, SIP & Tutors
Vivi:Comparative Politics of The South East Asia/ The South Asia
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Tyas: Comparative Politics of The East Asia
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Hari: Comparative Politics of The Middle East
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Sulham. Comparative Politics of The Europe (incld. Australia & New Zealand) and The America (North & South)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

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